What is the Periodic Table?
The periodic table of elements are an arrangement of all the elements known to man in accordance with their increasing atomic number and recurring chemical properties. They are assorted in a tabular arrangement wherein a row is a period and a column is a group.
Periodensystem Der Elemente Elements are arranged from left to right and top to bottom in the order of their increasing atomic numbers. Thus;
- Elements in the same group will have the same valence electron configuration and hence similar chemical properties.
- Whereas, elements in the same period will have an increasing order of valence electrons, therefore, as the energy level of the atom increases, the number of energy sub-levels per energy level increases.
The first 94 elements of the periodic table are naturally occurring, while the rest from 95 to 118 have only been synthesized in laboratories or nuclear reactors.
The Modern Periodic Table the one we use now, is a new and improved version of certain models put forth by scientists in the 19th and 20th century. Dimitri Mendeleev put forward his periodic table based on the findings of some scientists before him like John Newlands and Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier. But nevertheless, Mendeleev is given sole credit for his development of the periodic table.
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